Students each receive progress on therm 3
Graded work was returned to them
Went over HW (affect, effect, good and well)
Reviewed the proper use of the following words:
is for ability:
"Can you drive a car with a
May is for
permission or possibility:
"You may borrow my car next
"I may arrive late." (Possibility)
Let's say that you are a three-hundred
pound Olympic power-lifter, and you are boarding an airplane. You see a
petite, elderly person in front of you struggling to get a small case into the
overhead compartment. You ask the elderly gentleman, "Can I help you
with your case?" and he replies, "Although I am not an expert in
physics or physiology, I think you probably could lift this case," and
continues struggling. Now let's say you try it again, but this time you
ask, "May I help you with your case?" and the gentleman gratefully
replies, "Oh, yes! I do need a little help, and you are so kind to offer
Of course this example is only to
make a point: that "can" and "may" have different
meanings. The verb "can" roughly means to be able to do
something, while "may" in this case means to have permission to do
it. So if you ask someone if you can do something it's like asking,
"In your opinion, do you think I am able to do this?" while if you
ask if you may do it, it's like asking, "Would it be OK with you if I did
Two wives are too many to have.
Each of the 'to' words is pronounced exactly
the same. We do not know why. Each is spelled differently and has a
different meaning. That we can understand.
- two: the name of the number 2 (dos, deux, zwei); acts as
an adjective in sentences.
- to: a preposition meaning 'in the direction of' or
'towards' - to the store, give it to Jim, I'm going to bed; also part of
the infinitive form of a verb - to swim, to ride, to write.
- too: an adverb with two different uses. 1) meaning more
than enough, an extra amount - too much money, too difficult, too many
people; 2) meaning also or as well as - I am going, too. Give me
some bread, too.
Homonyms created by contractions:
Some of the most commonly
misused words are the homonym pairs made up of a possessive pronoun and a
- its: possessive pronoun indicating that something
belongs to 'it'. "The dog broke its leash."
- it's: a contraction made up of it + is, in which the
second 'i' is left out and replaced by an apostrophe ( ' )
- your: possessive pronoun indicating that something
belongs to 'you'. "Is this your wallet?"
- you're: a contraction made up of you + are, in which the
'a' is left out and replaced by ( ' )
- whose: possessive pronoun indicating something belongs
to 'who'. "Whose gum is this under the desk?"
- who's: a contraction made up of who + is.
"Who's responsible for this mess?"
· Use there
when referring to a place, whether concrete ("over there by the
building") or more abstract ("it must be difficult to live
- There is an antique
store on Camden Avenue.
science textbooks are over there on the floor.
· Use their to indicate
possession. It is a possessive adjective and indicates that a particular noun
belongs to them.
friends have lost their tickets.
- Their things were strewn
about the office haphazardly.
(the two vowels together
(ie) are friends)
· Remember that they're is a
contraction of the words they and are. It can never be used as a
modifier, only as a subject (who or what does the action) and verb (the action
up! They're closing the mall at 6 tonight!
Affect Versus Effect
pretty straightforward. The majority of the time you use affect with an “a” as a verb (just remember if you flip the “A”
upside down it makes v for verb), and effect
with an e as a noun.
Affect with an a means "to influence," as
in, "The arrows affected Ardvark," or "The rain affected Amy's
hairdo." Affect can also mean, roughly, "to act in a way
that you don't feel," as in, "She affected an air of
Effect with an e has a lot of subtle meanings as a
noun, but to me the meaning "a result" seems to be at the core of all
the definitions. For example, you can say, "The effect was
eye-popping," or "The sound effects were amazing," or "The
rain had no effect on Amy's hairdo."
Good Versus Well
The general rule with good
and well is that well is an adverb
and good is an adjective. What this
means is that well modifies verbs, adjectives and other adverbs and good
Good is an adjective, which means that it modifies nouns.
This is a good movie
What a good idea!
You speak good English
Good can be used with copular verbs (that is, verbs which express a
state of being, such as to be, to seem, and to appear),
but it is still an adjective modifying a noun, not a verb.
This movie is good
His ideas are good
Your English is good
Well is an adverb, which means that it modifies verbs, adjectives,
and other adverbs.
Did the movie do well at the box office?
It was a well-defined idea
You speak English well
Well can be used as an adjective to mean "in good health."
You look well
I don't feel well
The Bottom Line
The confusion between good and well comes from their similar
meanings, and a general confusion between adjectives and adverbs. Take a moment
to think about what the word is modifying: if it's a verb, you'd do well to use
well; otherwise, the good choice is good.