Last Update: Aug 2007 (Links are after the Standards)
Standard 4: Genes are a set of instructions encoded in the DNA sequence of
each organism that specify the sequence of amino acids in proteins
characteristic of that organism. As a basis for understanding this concept:
5a: The general structures and functions of DNA, RNA, and protein.
1d: The central dogma of molecular biology outlines
the flow of information from transcription of ribonucleic acid (RNA) in the
nucleus to translation of proteins on ribosomes in the cytoplasm.
4a: The general pathway by which ribosomes synthesize
proteins, using tRNAs to translate genetic information in mRNA.
For the Real-time Videos of Transription and Translation: Click
choose "Reading the Code", then "Putting it
together", and clock on the
videos on the left hand side. Enjoy!
DNA Replication: Great animation! Simple for context of the
(Used in class)
ANIMATIONS by NOBEL: Fantastic analogies, short stories and
DNA discovery - from "DNA from the Beginning"
DNA replication - See DNA polymerase at work, with the
(Used in class)
"DNA from the Beginning" - DNA, RNA and Proteins:
Animations, Scientists and
more and more....
DNA replication Animation - Also clear and simple (not used in
DNA and RNA structures - clear comparison
Animation of transcription and translation
Transcription animation (hk)
Translation - Animation
Transcription - Animation (Nebraska)
Transcription Translation overview (Nebraska)
Morse Code training - Have fun!
TRANSCRIPTION ANIMATION - Very good! (Used in class)
Mutation Tutorial - Great! Follow their instrucitons and learn.
From Wayne's Word: Good Analogies with explanations, simple
quizes. Click on the topics
you have learned: Up to "Table of Codons & Anticodons"
Biography of Francis Crick and for James Watson - click on the
Interactive Translation Exercise: Cute anbd easy, but notice
important component is missing (was skipped for simplicity)!
DNAi: History, Animation and some interactives
Try this! It's an interactive from NOVA, guiding you how to read
sequence of a gene.
NOVA Explore a Stretch of Code: An interactive tutorial about
looking up a
real gene sequence in chormosomes 1 - see the power of molecular
studying diseases, evolution, gene regulation!
Replication: Fast and general, but effective.
Animation of Translation - detailed and yet CLEAR!
Interactive of transcription with initiation and termination
Interactive of translation with initiation and termination!!!
Practice Quiz from YOUR TEXTBOOK - DNA replication
Multiple links to narrated animations about genes, proteins, and
Protein Synthesis / Gene Expression interactive FROM YOUR BOOK!
Practice Quiz from YOUR TEXTBOOK - Gene Expression
A Quick and helpful animation showing the connection between
Animations from Tokyo Medical University - including chromosomal
mutations and more and more.
Dolan DNA Animations (including SIckle Cell anemia imaging)
THE CENTRAL DOGMA SONG - from UCLA CityLab!!!!
Review the Basics: From Gene to Protein to Trait
Text, figures and cute animation of the translation process.
"Journey Into DNA" - Zooming in from a whole human to the DNA
through all levels of organization.