Curriculum Details: Science

The focus of the science curriculum is on hands-on, experimental science. Children learn the scientific process in the primary grades and use it in classroom activities and investigations. FOSS kits are used as the core of the science program in first through fifth grades.

Students in grades 1, 3, 5, and 7 participate in annual science fairs. Students in grades 1, 3, and 5 produce their projects during regular class time. First and third graders participate in class projects; and fifth graders work on small group projects. Seventh grade students work independently at home, with supervision provided by the classroom teacher, and present individual projects. All students present projects designed around the scientific method: purpose, hypothesis, review of literature, methods of procedure, results, and conclusion.

· Grade 1

Quarter 1 - Plants

· Diversity of plant kingdom

· Needs of plants

· Growth and development

· Structure and functions of flowering plants

· Ways new plants develop from mature plants

Quarter 2 - Solids and Liquids

· Differences between solids and liquids

· Properties of solids, liquids, and gases

· Mixtures

· Changes from one state of matter to another

Quarter 3 - Pebbles, Sand, and Silt

· Properties of earth materials

· Similarities and differences of earth materials

· Identification of earth materials

· Fast and slow changes on the earth (erosion, volcanoes, etc.)

· Fossils and Dinosaurs

· Also- Junior Science Fair (topic varies)

Quarter 4 Insects

· Diversity of insect life

· Life cycles (simple and complete metamorphosis)

· Similarities and differences in larvae, pupae, and adults

· Needs

· Structure and function

· Also: Chicks (embryology, incubation, life cycle, care)

· Grade 2

  • Motion and Matter
  • Structures of Life
  • Water and Climate

· Grade 3

  • Mixtures and Solutions
  • Energy
  • Earth and Sun

· Grade 4

  • Motion, Force, and Models
  • Living Systems
  • Environments

· Grade 5

  • Earth History
  • Planetary Science
  • Populations and Ecosystems
  • Health: Family Life

· Grade 6: Physics


 Grade 7: Chemistry 

      Measurements and Atomic Structure

  •  Organization of the Elements: The Periodic Table
  • o Scientific Notation
  • o SI and Metric Units
  • o Unit Conversion with the Metric System
  • o Significant Figures
  • o Atomic Structure and Electron Configuration
  • o Filling Orbitals with Electrons

     The Physical and Chemical Properties of Matter
  • o Pure Substances and Mixtures
  • o The States of Matter
  • o Density, Proportion and Dimensional Analysis
  • o Chemical& Physical Properties and Changes
  • o Conservation of Mass

     Chemical Bonding and Nomenclature
  • o Compounds, Lewis Diagrams & Ionic Bonds
  • o Covalent Bonding
  • o Lewis Representation of Ionic Compounds
  • o Identifying Molecular and Ionic Compounds
  • o Polyatomic Ions
  • o Resonance
  • o Electronegativity and the Polar Covalent Bond
  • o Exceptions to the Octet Rule
  • o Common Valence States & Ionic Compounds
  • o Nomenclature of Ionic Compounds
     The Mole and Measurement in Chemistry
  • o Measurement and Scale; the Mole Concept
  • o Molar Mass
  • o Mole-Mass Conversions
  • o Percentage Composition
  • o Empirical and Molecular Formulas

     Chemical Reactions
  • o Chemical Changes & Chemical Reactions
  • o Chemical Equations
  • o Balancing Chemical Equations
  • o Classifying Chemical Reactions
  • o Oxidation & Reduction Reactions
  • o Predicting Products from Chemical Reactions
  • o Predicting Solubility Trends
  • o The Energetics of Chemical Reactions

    Quantitative Relationships in Chemistry
  • o An Introduction to Stoichiometry
  • o Molar Stoichiometry in Chemical Equations
  • o Mass Calculations
  • o Percentage Yield
  • o Limiting Reactants

     Aqueous Solutions
  • o Hydrogen Bonding and the Properties of Water
  • o Molecular Dipoles
  • o Dissolution of Ionic Compounds
  • o Concentration and Molarity
  • o Solution Stoichiometry
  • o Dilution of Concentrated Solutions

     Acids, Bases and pH
  • o Hydrogen Bonding
  • o Ionization of Acids in Solution
  • o Conjugate Acid-Base Pairs
  • o Acids-Bases Reactions: Neutralization
  • o The Meaning of Neutrality: The Autoprotolysis of Water
  • o pH Calculations
  • o Titrations: Neutralization and Stoichiometry

    Grade 8: Biology

  • o Characteristics of Living Things
  • o Biological Organization
  • o Size Relationships
  • o Carbohydrates
  • o Lipids
  • o Proteins

    Biology of the Cell
  • o Types and Tissues
  • o Membrane
  • o Passive Transport
  • o Active Transport and Endocytosis
  • o Enzymes
  • o Energy Flow in Living Things
  • o Structures of Photosynthesis
  • o The Light Reactions
  • o The Dark Reactions
  • o Glycolysis
  • o The Krebs Cycle
  • o Electron Transport and Chemiosmosis
  • o The Cell Cycle
  • o Mitosis
  • o Meiosis

    Principles of Genetics
  • o The Monohybrid Cross
  • o The Dihybrid Cross
  • o The Testcross
  • o Incomplete Dominance
  • o Multiple Alleles
  • o Polygenic Inheritance
  • o Sex Determination
  • o Sex-Linked Traits
  • o Chromosomal Alterations
  • o Crossing Over
  • o Nondisjunction

     DNA and Gene Expression
  • o Structure
  • o Replication
  • o Chromosomes
  • o Transformation
  • o Phenotype
  • o RNA Structure and Physiology
  • o Protein Synthesis
  • o Regulation
  • o Mutation
  • o Genetic Engineering
  • o Probes
  • o Fingerprinting
  • o Therapy
  • o Antisense Technology
  • o Transgenic Plants

     Principles of Evolution
  • o Darwin’s Finches
  • o Evidence
  • o The Gene Pool
  • o Gene Flow
  • o Genetic Drift
  • o Mutation and Natural Selection
  • o Allopatric Speciation
  • o Sympatric Speciation
  • o Adaptive Radiation
  • o The Shifting Earth
  • o Gradualism vs. Punctuated Equilibrium

     The Origin of Life and Simple Life Forms
  • o Organic Molecules
  • o The First Eukaryotic Cell
  • o The Classification Scheme
  • o Viruses
  • o Bacteria
  • o Protozoa
  • o Slime Molds
  • o Algae
  • o Fungi

     Biology of Plants
  • o Structure
  • o Monocots and Dicots
  • o Life Cycle
  • o The Root
  • o The Stem
  • o The Leaf
  • o Xylem and Phloem
  • o Transport
  • o Hormones

     Human Biology
  • o The Integument (Skin) and Derivatives
  • o The Skeletal System
  • o The Nervous System
  • o The Nerve Impulse
  • o The Brain
  • o The Eye
  • o The Ear
  • o Muscle Types
  • o Muscle Contraction
  • o The Endocrine System
  • o The Action of Hormones
  • o Blood Cells
  • o The Heart
  • o Principle Arteries of the Body
  • o The Lymphatic System
  • o The Immune System
  • o The Digestive System
  • o The Oral Cavity
  • o The Respiratory System
  • o The Mechanism of Breathing
  • o The Urinary System
  • o The Nephron