Announcements

 September 2015
 


         Hello to all of my wonderful students!  It is such a pleasure to 
have met all of you and to have the opportunity to work with you.  

         I am looking forward to an exciting and challenging year in Science 
and I know you will truly enjoy Life Science as much as I enjoy teaching it!

Sincerely,

Mrs. Jansen

__________________________________________________________________________
MONDAY MAY 24, 2016

FINAL EXAM REVIEW

GRAPHS
•	KNOW HOW TO PLOT POINTS 
•	KNOW THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE Y-AXIS & X-AXIS
•	Y-AXIS IS DEPENDENT (STAND UP STRAIGHT) 
•	X-AXIS IS INDEPENDENT (SLEEP WHEN HE WANTS – HAS A JOB)

GENETICS
•	PUNNETT SQUARES
•	CLONING 
•	GENETIC ENGINEERING 
•	SELECTIVE BREEDING – HUMAN  ACTIVITY (DESIGNER CATS)
•	MUTATION – GENETIC ABNORMALITY THAT CAN BE PASSED ON TO OFFSPRING 
ONLY THROUGH SEX CELLS.  
•	SUN BURN CAN DAMAGE  SKIN BY CHANGING SKIN’S DNA AND CAUSING A 
MUTATION (CANCER)
NERVOUS SYSTEM
•	STIMULUS – ANY CHANGE THAT BRINGS OUT A RESPONSE
•	HOMEOSTASIS –MAINTAINS INTERNAL STABILITY
CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
•	TRANSPORT 
•	MOVEMENT OF MATERIALS
•	CIRCULATORY & RESPIRATORY SYSTEM MOVE BLOOD, OXYGEN & CO2 AT THE SAME 
TIME
SKELETAL & MUSCULAR SYSTEM
•	WORK TOGETHER TO MOVE BODY PARTS
•	LOCOMOTION
•	WORK IN PAIRS
PLANTS & ANIMAL CELLS
•	ORGANELLES – CARRY OUT LIFE FUNCTIONS SO THE CELLS CAN FUNCTION 
PROPERLY
•	NUCLEUS – BRAIN OF CELL – CONTROLS ALL OTHER ORGANELLES
•	IDENTIFY THE DIFFERENCES BTWN PLANT & ANIMAL CELLS
•	PLANT CELLS – CHLOROPLASTS & CELL WALLS
•	ANIMAL CELLS – CENTRIOLES 
•	ORGANELLES ->CELLS->TISSUES->ORGANS->ORGAN SYSTEMS-> ORGANISMS
•	PHOTOSYNTHESIS – H20 +CO2 -> C6H12O6 +O2 & WATER VAPOR
•	WATER CYCLE- RECYCLES WATER

MEASUREMENT
•	MICROSCOPE – PARTS OF…FOCUS, LIGHT CONTROL…
•	TOTAL MAGNIFICATION
•	VOLUME OF A GRADUATED CYLINDER
•	DENSITY OF AN OBJECT 

CHEMISTRY
•	MATTER (SOLID, LIQUID, GAS)
•	HOW WOULD YOU SEPARATE METAL FROM SAND – MAGNET
•	HIOW WOULD YOU SEPARATE SALT FROM WATER - EVAPORATION
•	COMPOUND – 2 OR MORE ELEMENTS CHEMICALLY COMBINED
•	MIXTURE – 2 OR MORE ELEMENTS PHYSICALLY COMBINED
•	SOLUBLE VS. INSOLUBLE 
•	ATOM – PROTON, NEUTRON, ELECTRON
•	STRUCTURE OF AN ATOM – BONDS & ATOMS (H2O)
•	KNOW THE DIFFERENCE BTWN AN ELEMENT & COMPOUND

REPRODUCTION
•	KNOW FERTILIZATION (SPERM INSIDE EGG)
•	SEXUAL VS. ASEXUAL
•	CREATES SEX CELLS & OFFSPRING
•	SEX CELLS ARE HAPLOID (23 CHROMOSOMES)
•	BODY CELLS ARE DIPLOID (46 CHROMOSOMES)
•	STAGES OF SEXUAL REPRODUCTION (SPERM & EGG TO GASTRULA)
•	CLEVAGE
ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
•	KNOW THE DIAGRAM
•	HORMONES REGULATE BODY FUNCTIONS
DIGESTION
•	MAIN FUNCTION TO BREAK DOWN FOOD TO ABSORBED BY THE BLOODSTREAM
•	KNOW HOW TO READ A FOOD LABEL!
 RESPIRATION
•	AEROBIC VS. ANEROBIC
•	BREAKDOWN OF FOOD IN THE PRESENCE OF OXYGEN TO MAKE ENERGY FOR THE 
BODY
•	FOOD + OXYGEN ->ENERGY +CARBON DIOXIDE & WATER
RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
•	BREATHING – TAKING IN O2 & RELEASING CO2
•	GAS EXCHANGE (CO2 & O2)
•	INCLUDES: NOSE, LUNGS, DIAPHRAGM

EVOLUTION
•	NATURAL SELECTION – THOSE WHO ADAPT TO THE ENVIRONMENT WILL SURVIVE & 
REPRODUCE, THOSE WHO DON’T, WILL DIE. (SURVIVAL OF THE FITTEST)
ADAPTATION – CHARACTERISTIC THAT INCREASES AN INDIVIDUAL’S ABILITY TO SURVIVE 
AND REPRODUCE. (EX: RABBITS W/WHITE FUR VS. RABBITS W/BLACK FUR IN THE SNOWY 
ARCTIC.
•	FOSSILS – PROVE COMMON ANCESTOR BTWN ORGANISMS. (BONES OF WHALE FIN, 
HUMAN ARM, & BAT WING
•	CAUSES OF EXTINCTION – NATURAL DISASTERS WIPE OUT FOOD SOURCE, 
HABITATS, INVASIVE SPECIES, INABILITY TO ADAPT TO ENVIRONMENT, HUMAN 
INTERACTION (HUNTING, BUILDING ON ANIMALS HABITATS, INDUSTRIALIZATION…

SCIENTIFIC METHOD
•	PROBLEM, HYPOTHESIS, EXPERIMENT, OBSERVATION, CONCLUSION
•	CONTROLLED EXPERIMENT – CONTROL GROUP VS. EXPERIMENTAL GROUP
•	VARIABLE IS WHAT YOU ARE TESTING
•	DEPENDENT VARIABLE – RESULTS
•	CONTROL – WHAT IS USED TO COMPARE RESULTS TO

CLASSIFICATION
•	DICHOTOMOUS KEYS – KNOW HOW TO DO THEM
ECOLOGY
•	FOOD WEBS – MANY FOOD CHAINS THAT ARE INTERCONNECTED TO EACHOTHER
•	FOOD CHAINS – PRODUCERS ->PRIMARY CONSUMERS->SECONDARY 
CONSUMERS->TERTIARY CONSUMERS
•	PRODUCERS- (AUTOTROPHIC )MAKE THEIR OWN FOOD (PLANTS) 
•	CONSUMERS – (HETEROTROPHIC) EAT OTHER ORGANISMS (PLANTS, ANIMALS, 
BOTH)
•	DECOMPOSERS – BREAKS DOWN DEAD ORGANISMS (MUSHROOMS)