Setting- where and when a story takes place
- the time and place
- setting sometimes has to be inferred based on what we read in the text
Ex: Mae wore petticoats and took a horse to town, so I think it must be during the late 1800s or early 1900s.
Character- answers the who in the story
- we can infer a lot about characters based on how they feel, how they look, what they think, what they do, and what they say
- refer to your notes for specifics on this
Plot- this is what happens in the story
- plot has 5 parts in the shape of a mountain
1. Exposition- the beginning
- introduces the characters, setting, and background
2. Rising Action- starts to get good
- here, a problem is introduced
3. Climax- the peak of the mountain; the turning point; OMG moment!
- this is the most exciting part of the story that makes you gasp
- the character has to make a decision about how to handle the problem
4. Falling Action- this is where we head back down the mountain
- the story starts to come to a close
- we see the consequences of the climax
5. Resolution- the end
- the story is wrapped up
- problems are resolved
Theme- the central message that the author is trying to convey
- can be viewed as a lesson or a moral as well
- ask yourself, "What is the author trying to tell me?"
- think of "Making Music" from the magazine we read. Remember, we decided that the theme is probably that "you should be determined and never give up" or "follow your heart and your dreams."