College Prep Chemistry 432 Syllabus

                              SYLLABUS

                            Chemistry  432	      Ms. Cleary            
            		 College Prep Chemistry	                 
                                                    mcleary@pvipanther.net    
	   
 					           
Goals:  To develop in the student an understanding of matter, its composition 
and structure, and the nature of its behavior.

To instruct the student in fundamental laboratory techniques, providing them 
with laboratory experiments giving them the opportunity to inquire, discover, 
and apply the principles they are learning.


Text and Materials:
Required Textbooks:    Chemistry (Prentice Hall 2012)
	                              ISBN 0-13-252576-3
		
Required Calculator: TI-30X Solar Scientific or TI36X Solar Scientific (or  
             equivalent). The calculator will have Scientific” printed on it. 

Required:    3-ring binder 

Teaching Units:
Matter and Change (approximately 5 weeks)
Chapters 1, 2 and 3 in the textbook relating basic forms of matter and energy 
and the relationships between the two; reviewing and strengthening basic math 
skills as applied to scientific calculations and graphing.  Discussion and 
exercises on scientific method, density, physical and chemical properties and 
changes, homogeneous and heterogeneous matter, elements, compounds and 
mixtures, exothermic and endothermic processes, charged particles.  
Laboratory experiments in basic procedures, the scientific method, density 
determination, physical and chemical changes, heat of fusion.  Problem 
solving in scientific notation and algebraic calculations, density and 
calorimetry.


Atomic Structure, Electron Configuration, the Periodic Table, and Bonding 
(approximately 6 weeks)Chapters 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 in the textbook introducing 
the periodic table and periodic properties; relating Dalton’s Atomic Theory 
to the structure of the atom, relating electron configuration to bonding 
between atoms. Discussion and exercises on atomic models, spectroscopes and 
quantum mechanics, periodic properties, bonding models.  Problem solving 
where applicable.


Formulas and Equations (approximately 9 weeks)
Chapters 9, 10, 11, and 12 in the textbook writing chemical formulas and 
writing and balancing equations, predicting products from types of reactions, 
correlating chemical formulas and chemical equations to quantitative 
relationships in a chemical reaction. Laboratory experiments in flame tests, 
types of chemical reactions, mass-mole relationships in chemical reactions, 
relating moles to coefficients in chemical equations.  Problem solving in 
formula weights, percent composition, mass/mole conversions for elements and 
compounds, determining empirical formulas from percent compositions, moles 
and mass of reactants and products, mass/mass relationships.


States of Matter, Gases, and Water (approximately 5 weeks)
Chapters 13, 14, and 15 in the textbook relating phases of matter; the theory 
of gas laws and quantitative relationships; the Kinetic Theory to the 
properties and phases of matter; phase changes.  Discussion and exercises on 
the properties of solids, liquids and gases; Kinetic Theory and molecular 
motion of gases; Boyles Law; Van der Waals forces and phase change; water of 
hydration.  Laboratory experiments in heating and cooling curves, effect of 
temperature on volume, composition of hydrates.  Problem solving in Boyle’s 
Law, Charles Law, Combined Gas Laws, Ideal Gas Law, collecting by mercury 
displacement and water displacement.


Solutions (approximately 3 weeks)
Chapter 16, 17, and 18 in the textbook relating properties of solutions to 
solubility, concentration of solutions and colligative properties based on 
concentrations.  Discussion and exercises on solutions and suspensions, 
factors affecting solubility, heat exchange in solution processes, 
conductivity of electrolytes.  Laboratory experiments in solubility rates vs. 
temperature, molecular mass determination by boiling point and freezing point 
changes.  Problem solving in molal concentration, boiling point elevation, 
freezing point depression, determining molecular mass through boiling point 
and freezing point changes, molar concentration.

Acids, Bases, and Salts (approximately 3 weeks)
Chapter 19 in the textbook introducing ions in solution in defining acid/base 
concentrations; neutralization and quantitative applications. Discussions and 
laboratory experiments on the properties of acids/bases and titrations.   
Problem solving in determining pH and relating hydronium and hydroxide ion 
concentration to pH.

Enrichment Topics (time permitting)
 Carbon and its compounds and an introduction to polymers and current 
commercial products and their chemical nature, nuclear chemistry, 
environmental chemistry, biochemistry.  Textbooks supplemented with current 
periodicals. 

	Note:  Content of syllabus may be subject to change.


CLASSWORK:

Read assigned text material ahead of the class in which it will be discussed.

Get your questions answered as soon as possible.

Participate in class by asking your questions, offering answers to your 
classmates including observations, experiences you have had, or current 
science events into our discussions.
Be prepared for unannounced quizzes.

HOMEWORK:

Homework is an expeditious way to practice your proficiency with various 
concepts in chemistry.  Homework will be assigned as a block at the start of 
a chapter and is due on the dates assigned.  Students are encouraged to 
complete reading and homework assignments daily.

Homework should be submitted on white paper with straight edges and be neat, 
and easy to read.  All work for problems and calculations must be shown. 
Homework must by hand-written.  ANY ANSWER TO A PROBLEM THAT DOES NOT SHOW 
THE CALCULATIONS WILL BE GIVEN A ZERO.   There will be a 50% deduction for 
late homework.  


EXTRA CREDIT:

Extra credit is given for assignments turned in before the due date.  There 
may be extra credit problems on each test.  There is no extra credit beyond 
what is assigned and no make-up is permitted once the due date is passed.


LABS:

Before each lab, I will explain the lab procedure to you.  Preparation for 
the lab is essential.  You should carefully read each lab before the 
scheduled lab time; the pre-lab part must be completed before you come to the 
lab.

Normally, one lab will be performed for each topic covered.  Lab assignments 
are due two days after the lab: they must be neatly written, and easy to 
read, with all data and calculations shown. (Refer to format).  
There will be a 10-point deduction for late labs. There is no make-up for 
labs beyond the dates allowed for absences in the student handbook.  IT IS 
YOUR RESPONSIBILITY TO MAKE ARRANGEMENTS TO BE HERE FOR THE LAB MAKEUP.	

LAB SAFETY:

Safety in the chemistry lab is critical.  Students will follow proper lab 
procedures and wear personal protective equipment at all times while 
conducting experiments.  Any student disregarding safety rules or engaged in 
horseplay will be removed from the lab and receive a grade of “0” for the 
particular lab.
Safety glasses are required to be worn in the lab at all times.
 

TESTS:

Tests will be given at the end of each chapter. If you are absent on the day 
of a test, you must make it up within the guidelines listed in the PVI 
Student Handbook.   It is your responsibility to arrange for the make up of a 
test.  Tests are never, ever curved.

Please read the student handbook for course attendance policies.

NOTEBOOKS:

Students are required to maintain a notebook (three ring binder either 
separately or shared with another subject) for the purpose of organizing 
work, providing a record of progress, and as a source of information.  The 
notebook should contain the course syllabus, class notes, homework, and 
returned tests and quizzes in chronological order.  Save all work in the 
event that a grade or assignment is in question. 


EXTRA HELP: 

Extra help is available upon request and you may make arrangements for this 
with me as necessary.  I am here before and after school.  If you come in for 
help, be prepared to ask specific questions.


GRADES:

Grading:  Grades are calculated as total points earned divided by total 
points available times 100.   If you are within one half point of the next 
highest grade, I look at extra credit completed, quality and timeliness of 
completed lab reports and homework, class conduct, and class participation to 
determine if the higher grade is deserved.  There is no automatic rounding up 
regardless of how close you are to the next highest grade!

Grades are calculated as:       Homework    25%
                                Labs        15%                       
                             Tests/Quiz     60%
                                            100%

GRADING SCALE:                   A……..93-100
	                         A−…….90-92
	                         B+…. 87-89
	                         B.…….83-86
	                         B−…….80-82
	                         C+…….77-79
                                 C …….73-76
                                 C−…….70-72
                                 D …….65-69
	                         F………Below 65


Academic Honesty:
Although students are allowed to work together, they are not allowed to copy 
homework, copy lab data, information, or calculations from other groups, 
program formulae, vocabulary, etc into calculators, give or receive testing 
information, or submit any work that is not their own.  Please see pages 10-
14 of the Student Handbook for the acceptable uses of technology.
		

LABORATORY  GUIDELINES
2015 - 2016
Chemistry 432								

Attire
1.  During all experiments, students are required to wear safety glasses;  
    aprons must also be worn.
2.  Only school approved shoes may be worn; refer to Dress Code Policy. 
3.  Long hair must be tied back for experiments.

General Safety

1.  Students are NEVER to work alone.  No working without direct teacher    
    supervision.  No unauthorized experiments are allowed.

2.  No eating, drinking, or chewing gum while working in the lab as you may 
    inadvertently ingest some chemical substance.

3.  Lab is not a social hour. Students will work quietly and must remain at  
    their lab stations unless obtaining supplies. Students may not “visit” 
    with other groups.  Excessive noise in the laboratory is viewed as a 
    safety hazard.

4.  Students must know where the eyewash, fire extinguisher, and fire blanket 
    are and how to use them.

5.  Any accident of any kind must be immediately reported to the teacher.

6.  Never heat a “closed system” such as a stoppered flask.

7.  Never leave a lit Bunsen burner unattended.

8.  Dispose of broken glass in the specially marked waste receptacle.

9.  Keep your work area clean, and help keep the common areas of the 
    laboratory clean.  If you spill something, clean it up right away to 
    avoid a slip hazard.

10. As always, students will conduct themselves in a decorous manner.  No 
    one has the right to jeopardize the safety and well being of others.

Chemical Handling

1.  Consider all chemicals to be hazardous and read all labels carefully.

2.  Never touch or taste chemicals.

3.  Never directly inhale chemical fumes.  Waft a tiny amount of vapor toward 
    your nose.

4.  Do not return excess chemicals to their original container.  Always use 
    the smallest amount of substance required for an experiment.

5.  Solids are not discarded in laboratory sinks.

6.  Never add water to a concentrated reagent when diluting the reagent.  
    Always add the reagent to the water.  If water is added to a concentrated 
    reagent, local heating and density effects may cause the solution to be 
    splashed back.

7.  When in doubt, ASK.



LABORATORY  EXPERIMENTS

      Laboratory experiments will be conducted as a team project; four 
students per team with shared responsibilities that will be rotated with each 
laboratory experiment.  Everyone must participate, not just observe.  Duties 
of team members include those listed below.  Each team has the flexibility to 
assign as they wish provided the work is shared equally and everyone 
participates in each lab.

1.  Setup-this student is responsible for obtaining and setting up the 
    necessary materials and equipment to conduct the experiment.

2.  Experimenter-this student will conduct the experiment and generate data 
    and observations.

3.  Scribe-this student will record all observations and data, and generate 
    one report for the group to be submitted for the team grade.

4.  Cleanup-this student is responsible for dismantling equipment, cleaning 
    all glassware and other equipment as needed, proper disposal, and return 
    of all materials and equipment to their proper location.  Any station not 
    properly cleaned up will result in a full grade reduction of the lab 
    report after it is graded on its merit (i.e. A®B). 

All lab experiments will be assigned a day or two in advance if possible.  
Students must have read the laboratory experiment prior to the lab and be 
fully prepared to conduct the experiment including having calculated formula 
weights of chemicals, construct tables for data entries and observations if 
required, etc.  

Each student is responsible for recording all data and observations on their 
laboratory handout as well as answering all questions.  The final report 
should record both successful and unsuccessful experiments.  If you make a 
mistake, record what happened so that you will not repeat the same mistake.  
All calculations you have performed before, during, or after an experiment 
must be entered, both to help you understand your results and help me find 
errors you may have made.  

Lab Report 
Each student is to submit his/her own report for each laboratory experiment 
grade.  The format for the report is as follows: 

1.  Title of the laboratory experiment and date. (Cover page)

2.  Names (first and last in alphabetical order) and responsibilities of 
    partners along with your P– day schedule number. (Cover page)

3.  A Statement of Purpose or Objective of the experiment with all pre-
    laboratory data and calculations if required.

4.  Description of the experimental procedure.  Do not just copy the 
    description from the lab manual.  Instead, understand the basics of the 
    procedure used and summarize this in a few sentences.  Use diagrams to 
    reduce lengthy descriptions.  Observations written in the manual should 
    be complete enough so that anyone with your level of scientific training 
    could understand what you have observed and measured.

5.  Results.  This is where all of your data and calculations appear along 
    with the calculation of experimental error based upon deviations from the 
    standard or accepted values. All your original data must be included in 
    data tables and all calculations must be shown along with the 
    corresponding units. 


6.  Discussion of Results includes answering all of the questions in the 
    report in complete sentences; i.e. what went wrong and what went right, 
    what could have been done differently to improve results, comparison of 
    your results to accepted values (additional research may be required), 
    calculating percent error, and general observations/theories that can be 
    drawn from your results.  Note: Number your question responses as they 
    appear in the lab procedure. Do not answer questions in paragraph form. 
    It is not necessary to copy each question; however, include the question 
     in your answer.

7.  Conclusions include a concise summary of how successful you were in 
    accomplishing the objectives of your experiment, what could have been 
    done differently etc.  Evidence should support your conclusions. 

I consider these reports to be technical papers.  As such, they must be 
written neatly and legibly.  Major deductions will be given for sloppy or 
incomplete work.  You may use hand or electronically generated sketches to 
aid in descriptions. Each report will be graded on content as well as 
presentation which includes correctly following the format, neatness, proper 
use of grammar, ease of understanding, inclusion of all original data (in 
data tables), showing all formulas and calculations, answering all assigned 
questions etc.  

Lab due date: The lab report is due on the date assigned at the start of 
class. If a class drops on that day, the report must be submitted to me 
before the end of the day. There will be a 10-point deduction per day for 
late labs unless prior arrangements are made. Extensions are rarely given.  
Any student who does not contribute fairly to the completion of the lab will 
receive a grade of “0”. 

There is no make-up for a lab beyond the make-up period in the Student 
Handbook.

Late Work: 
1.  Homework is due at the start of class on the day assigned. Late homework 
    is a minimum 50% deduction.

2.  Lab reports are due at the start of class on the day assigned.  If a 
    class drops on the assigned day, students have until the end of the 
    assigned day (3:00 pm) to turn in the report. There is a minimum 10-point 
    deduction per day for late labs.

3.  Extra credit is due on the day assigned and must be complete. There is no 
    partial credit and no make-up is permitted once the due date is passed.

Note: There are no exceptions unless prior arrangements have been made with 
      me.


Student signature:___________________________________


Parent signature:____________________________________


Date:________________________