Chemistry 432 Ms. Cleary
College Prep Chemistry
Goals: To develop in the student an understanding of matter, its composition
and structure, and the nature of its behavior.
To instruct the student in fundamental laboratory techniques, providing them
with laboratory experiments giving them the opportunity to inquire, discover,
and apply the principles they are learning.
Text and Materials:
Required Textbooks: Chemistry (Prentice Hall 2012)
Required Calculator: TI-30X Solar Scientific or TI36X Solar Scientific (or
equivalent). The calculator will have Scientific” printed on it.
Required: 3-ring binder
Matter and Change (approximately 5 weeks)
Chapters 1, 2 and 3 in the textbook relating basic forms of matter and energy
and the relationships between the two; reviewing and strengthening basic math
skills as applied to scientific calculations and graphing. Discussion and
exercises on scientific method, density, physical and chemical properties and
changes, homogeneous and heterogeneous matter, elements, compounds and
mixtures, exothermic and endothermic processes, charged particles.
Laboratory experiments in basic procedures, the scientific method, density
determination, physical and chemical changes, heat of fusion. Problem
solving in scientific notation and algebraic calculations, density and
Atomic Structure, Electron Configuration, the Periodic Table, and Bonding
(approximately 6 weeks)Chapters 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 in the textbook introducing
the periodic table and periodic properties; relating Dalton’s Atomic Theory
to the structure of the atom, relating electron configuration to bonding
between atoms. Discussion and exercises on atomic models, spectroscopes and
quantum mechanics, periodic properties, bonding models. Problem solving
Formulas and Equations (approximately 9 weeks)
Chapters 9, 10, 11, and 12 in the textbook writing chemical formulas and
writing and balancing equations, predicting products from types of reactions,
correlating chemical formulas and chemical equations to quantitative
relationships in a chemical reaction. Laboratory experiments in flame tests,
types of chemical reactions, mass-mole relationships in chemical reactions,
relating moles to coefficients in chemical equations. Problem solving in
formula weights, percent composition, mass/mole conversions for elements and
compounds, determining empirical formulas from percent compositions, moles
and mass of reactants and products, mass/mass relationships.
States of Matter, Gases, and Water (approximately 5 weeks)
Chapters 13, 14, and 15 in the textbook relating phases of matter; the theory
of gas laws and quantitative relationships; the Kinetic Theory to the
properties and phases of matter; phase changes. Discussion and exercises on
the properties of solids, liquids and gases; Kinetic Theory and molecular
motion of gases; Boyles Law; Van der Waals forces and phase change; water of
hydration. Laboratory experiments in heating and cooling curves, effect of
temperature on volume, composition of hydrates. Problem solving in Boyle’s
Law, Charles Law, Combined Gas Laws, Ideal Gas Law, collecting by mercury
displacement and water displacement.
Solutions (approximately 3 weeks)
Chapter 16, 17, and 18 in the textbook relating properties of solutions to
solubility, concentration of solutions and colligative properties based on
concentrations. Discussion and exercises on solutions and suspensions,
factors affecting solubility, heat exchange in solution processes,
conductivity of electrolytes. Laboratory experiments in solubility rates vs.
temperature, molecular mass determination by boiling point and freezing point
changes. Problem solving in molal concentration, boiling point elevation,
freezing point depression, determining molecular mass through boiling point
and freezing point changes, molar concentration.
Acids, Bases, and Salts (approximately 3 weeks)
Chapter 19 in the textbook introducing ions in solution in defining acid/base
concentrations; neutralization and quantitative applications. Discussions and
laboratory experiments on the properties of acids/bases and titrations.
Problem solving in determining pH and relating hydronium and hydroxide ion
concentration to pH.
Enrichment Topics (time permitting)
Carbon and its compounds and an introduction to polymers and current
commercial products and their chemical nature, nuclear chemistry,
environmental chemistry, biochemistry. Textbooks supplemented with current
Note: Content of syllabus may be subject to change.
Read assigned text material ahead of the class in which it will be discussed.
Get your questions answered as soon as possible.
Participate in class by asking your questions, offering answers to your
classmates including observations, experiences you have had, or current
science events into our discussions.
Be prepared for unannounced quizzes.
Homework is an expeditious way to practice your proficiency with various
concepts in chemistry. Homework will be assigned as a block at the start of
a chapter and is due on the dates assigned. Students are encouraged to
complete reading and homework assignments daily.
Homework should be submitted on white paper with straight edges and be neat,
and easy to read. All work for problems and calculations must be shown.
Homework must by hand-written. ANY ANSWER TO A PROBLEM THAT DOES NOT SHOW
THE CALCULATIONS WILL BE GIVEN A ZERO. There will be a 50% deduction for
Extra credit is given for assignments turned in before the due date. There
may be extra credit problems on each test. There is no extra credit beyond
what is assigned and no make-up is permitted once the due date is passed.
Before each lab, I will explain the lab procedure to you. Preparation for
the lab is essential. You should carefully read each lab before the
scheduled lab time; the pre-lab part must be completed before you come to the
Normally, one lab will be performed for each topic covered. Lab assignments
are due two days after the lab: they must be neatly written, and easy to
read, with all data and calculations shown. (Refer to format).
There will be a 10-point deduction for late labs. There is no make-up for
labs beyond the dates allowed for absences in the student handbook. IT IS
YOUR RESPONSIBILITY TO MAKE ARRANGEMENTS TO BE HERE FOR THE LAB MAKEUP.
Safety in the chemistry lab is critical. Students will follow proper lab
procedures and wear personal protective equipment at all times while
conducting experiments. Any student disregarding safety rules or engaged in
horseplay will be removed from the lab and receive a grade of “0” for the
Safety glasses are required to be worn in the lab at all times.
Tests will be given at the end of each chapter. If you are absent on the day
of a test, you must make it up within the guidelines listed in the PVI
Student Handbook. It is your responsibility to arrange for the make up of a
test. Tests are never, ever curved.
Please read the student handbook for course attendance policies.
Students are required to maintain a notebook (three ring binder either
separately or shared with another subject) for the purpose of organizing
work, providing a record of progress, and as a source of information. The
notebook should contain the course syllabus, class notes, homework, and
returned tests and quizzes in chronological order. Save all work in the
event that a grade or assignment is in question.
Extra help is available upon request and you may make arrangements for this
with me as necessary. I am here before and after school. If you come in for
help, be prepared to ask specific questions.
Grading: Grades are calculated as total points earned divided by total
points available times 100. If you are within one half point of the next
highest grade, I look at extra credit completed, quality and timeliness of
completed lab reports and homework, class conduct, and class participation to
determine if the higher grade is deserved. There is no automatic rounding up
regardless of how close you are to the next highest grade!
Grades are calculated as: Homework 25%
GRADING SCALE: A……..93-100
Although students are allowed to work together, they are not allowed to copy
homework, copy lab data, information, or calculations from other groups,
program formulae, vocabulary, etc into calculators, give or receive testing
information, or submit any work that is not their own. Please see pages 10-
14 of the Student Handbook for the acceptable uses of technology.
2015 - 2016
1. During all experiments, students are required to wear safety glasses;
aprons must also be worn.
2. Only school approved shoes may be worn; refer to Dress Code Policy.
3. Long hair must be tied back for experiments.
1. Students are NEVER to work alone. No working without direct teacher
supervision. No unauthorized experiments are allowed.
2. No eating, drinking, or chewing gum while working in the lab as you may
inadvertently ingest some chemical substance.
3. Lab is not a social hour. Students will work quietly and must remain at
their lab stations unless obtaining supplies. Students may not “visit”
with other groups. Excessive noise in the laboratory is viewed as a
4. Students must know where the eyewash, fire extinguisher, and fire blanket
are and how to use them.
5. Any accident of any kind must be immediately reported to the teacher.
6. Never heat a “closed system” such as a stoppered flask.
7. Never leave a lit Bunsen burner unattended.
8. Dispose of broken glass in the specially marked waste receptacle.
9. Keep your work area clean, and help keep the common areas of the
laboratory clean. If you spill something, clean it up right away to
avoid a slip hazard.
10. As always, students will conduct themselves in a decorous manner. No
one has the right to jeopardize the safety and well being of others.
1. Consider all chemicals to be hazardous and read all labels carefully.
2. Never touch or taste chemicals.
3. Never directly inhale chemical fumes. Waft a tiny amount of vapor toward
4. Do not return excess chemicals to their original container. Always use
the smallest amount of substance required for an experiment.
5. Solids are not discarded in laboratory sinks.
6. Never add water to a concentrated reagent when diluting the reagent.
Always add the reagent to the water. If water is added to a concentrated
reagent, local heating and density effects may cause the solution to be
7. When in doubt, ASK.
Laboratory experiments will be conducted as a team project; four
students per team with shared responsibilities that will be rotated with each
laboratory experiment. Everyone must participate, not just observe. Duties
of team members include those listed below. Each team has the flexibility to
assign as they wish provided the work is shared equally and everyone
participates in each lab.
1. Setup-this student is responsible for obtaining and setting up the
necessary materials and equipment to conduct the experiment.
2. Experimenter-this student will conduct the experiment and generate data
3. Scribe-this student will record all observations and data, and generate
one report for the group to be submitted for the team grade.
4. Cleanup-this student is responsible for dismantling equipment, cleaning
all glassware and other equipment as needed, proper disposal, and return
of all materials and equipment to their proper location. Any station not
properly cleaned up will result in a full grade reduction of the lab
report after it is graded on its merit (i.e. A®B).
All lab experiments will be assigned a day or two in advance if possible.
Students must have read the laboratory experiment prior to the lab and be
fully prepared to conduct the experiment including having calculated formula
weights of chemicals, construct tables for data entries and observations if
Each student is responsible for recording all data and observations on their
laboratory handout as well as answering all questions. The final report
should record both successful and unsuccessful experiments. If you make a
mistake, record what happened so that you will not repeat the same mistake.
All calculations you have performed before, during, or after an experiment
must be entered, both to help you understand your results and help me find
errors you may have made.
Each student is to submit his/her own report for each laboratory experiment
grade. The format for the report is as follows:
1. Title of the laboratory experiment and date. (Cover page)
2. Names (first and last in alphabetical order) and responsibilities of
partners along with your P– day schedule number. (Cover page)
3. A Statement of Purpose or Objective of the experiment with all pre-
laboratory data and calculations if required.
4. Description of the experimental procedure. Do not just copy the
description from the lab manual. Instead, understand the basics of the
procedure used and summarize this in a few sentences. Use diagrams to
reduce lengthy descriptions. Observations written in the manual should
be complete enough so that anyone with your level of scientific training
could understand what you have observed and measured.
5. Results. This is where all of your data and calculations appear along
with the calculation of experimental error based upon deviations from the
standard or accepted values. All your original data must be included in
data tables and all calculations must be shown along with the
6. Discussion of Results includes answering all of the questions in the
report in complete sentences; i.e. what went wrong and what went right,
what could have been done differently to improve results, comparison of
your results to accepted values (additional research may be required),
calculating percent error, and general observations/theories that can be
drawn from your results. Note: Number your question responses as they
appear in the lab procedure. Do not answer questions in paragraph form.
It is not necessary to copy each question; however, include the question
in your answer.
7. Conclusions include a concise summary of how successful you were in
accomplishing the objectives of your experiment, what could have been
done differently etc. Evidence should support your conclusions.
I consider these reports to be technical papers. As such, they must be
written neatly and legibly. Major deductions will be given for sloppy or
incomplete work. You may use hand or electronically generated sketches to
aid in descriptions. Each report will be graded on content as well as
presentation which includes correctly following the format, neatness, proper
use of grammar, ease of understanding, inclusion of all original data (in
data tables), showing all formulas and calculations, answering all assigned
Lab due date: The lab report is due on the date assigned at the start of
class. If a class drops on that day, the report must be submitted to me
before the end of the day. There will be a 10-point deduction per day for
late labs unless prior arrangements are made. Extensions are rarely given.
Any student who does not contribute fairly to the completion of the lab will
receive a grade of “0”.
There is no make-up for a lab beyond the make-up period in the Student
1. Homework is due at the start of class on the day assigned. Late homework
is a minimum 50% deduction.
2. Lab reports are due at the start of class on the day assigned. If a
class drops on the assigned day, students have until the end of the
assigned day (3:00 pm) to turn in the report. There is a minimum 10-point
deduction per day for late labs.
3. Extra credit is due on the day assigned and must be complete. There is no
partial credit and no make-up is permitted once the due date is passed.
Note: There are no exceptions unless prior arrangements have been made with